The World's Largest Land Crab Is Fierce—and Under Threat | Dartmouth

The interesting critters known as coconut crabs, commonly referred to as robber crabs or palm thieves, are real. To assist you get to know someone better, consider the following details:

The largest land-dwelling arthropods in the world are coconut crabs. They have a sturdy body that is protected by a reddish-brown exoskeleton. The largest terrestrial crustaceans, adults can reach a leg spread of up to 1 meter (3 feet) and weigh up to 4 kilograms (9 pounds).

Distribution: The islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, particularly those in the Indo-Pacific region, are home to these remarkable crabs. Several islands, notably Christmas Island, the Seychelles, and portions of Polynesia, are home to them.

Coconut crabs live along the coast, especially in areas covered in thick vegetation like mangroves and rainforests. Since they lay their eggs in the ocean and the larvae develop in the water before coming to land, they need access to both land and water.

Food preferences: Despite their name, coconut crabs do not only consume coconut. They are omnivorous and opportunistic eaters, while having a strong ability to crack open coconuts with their formidable pincers. Fruits, nuts, carrion, small animals, and even other coconut crabs can be found on their menu. To find food, they are known to forage and occasionally climb trees.

The most of the time, coconut crabs are nocturnal and more active at night. Using their powerful legs and pincers, they are also skilled climbers.